Elephants are intriguing creatures. Their huge size, their silent demeanour, the long nose and those floppy ears continue to fascinate people. They are the largest land animals on Earth and have two species, the African elephant and the Asian elephant. Read on to know more about 10 other things you didn’t know about elephants.
#1. How big are they?
African elephants are larger than Asian elephants and can grow up to 8.2 to 13 feet and weigh from 5,000 to 14,000 lbs. Asian elephants can grow up to 6.6 feet to 9.8 feet from shoulder to toe and weigh up to 2.25 to 5.5 tons.
#2. An elephant’s memory
We have often heard the phrase ‘an elephant’s memory’ and it stands true for a reason. Elephants know every member of their herd and can recognize 30 companions by sight and smell. They can recall locations after a long visit and can remember and distinguish cues that signify danger. They have also recognized humans after being apart for years.
#3. Led by matriarchs
A herd which is a group of elephants is led by a matriarch who is the oldest female of the herd. Elephants of all ages as well as females stick together in a herd whereas male tend to wander on their own. They follow rules of their own such as when they meet a new elephant, they extend their trunks. The matriarch teaches young ones how to act properly.
#4. Big brains
Out of all the land mammals, elephants have the largest brains which makes them intelligent animals. Their brain is 3 or 4 times larger than a human brain but it is still relatively smaller as a proportion to their body weight.